Since 1950, Mississippi has seen a steady increase in its diversity, according to recent data published by USA Today. The newspaper analyzed census data and assigned a diversity index score to each county and state in the country. This score, a number on a scale of 0 to 100, reflects the probability that two randomly chosen people from an area are different in terms of race or ethnicity. After the Peace of Paris (1783), the southern third of Mississippi came under Spanish rule as part of western Florida. In addition, Mississippi's professional communities have grown in cities such as Jackson, the state capital.
The most specialized specializations at the University of Southern Mississippi, meaning they have significantly more degrees awarded in that concentration than the national average at all institutions, are Library Science (100 degrees awarded), Parks, Recreation, Leisure (197 degrees) and Human Sciences (141 degrees). The most common industries for people who have a degree in one of the 5 most specialized specializations at the University of Southern Mississippi are elementary and secondary schools (277 835 people), colleges, universities, and professional schools (including higher education) (129 337 people), general medicine and surgical hospitals, and specialized hospitals (except psychiatric and substance abuse) (100 096 people), legal services (77 597 people) and computer system design (77 597 people). After Congress passed the Indian Expulsion Act of 1830, the government forced tribes to accept land west of the Mississippi River in Indian territory. Full-time enrollment at the University of Southern Mississippi is 11,130 students and part-time enrollment is 3,476. After the collapse of the Confederacy in 1865, Mississippi entered into the Reconstruction era (1865-1877). The FBI discovered the bodies of civil rights workers on August 4 in a dirt dam outside Philadelphia, Mississippi.
The tourism industry in Mississippi would help play a key role in helping to build the state's economy in the early 21st century. In most communities in Mississippi from the late 19th century to the 1970s, blacks and whites lived relatively close to each other. John Claiborne (1775-1817), lawyer and former Republican congressman from Tennessee (1797-1817), was appointed governor and superintendent of Indian affairs in the Mississippi Territory by President Thomas Jefferson as governor and superintendent of Indian affairs in the Mississippi Territory from 1801 to 1803. He denounced the federal tax on cotton as a robbery and defended separate schools for both races in Mississippi. When Republican Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860 with the goal of ending slavery, Mississippi followed South Carolina and seceded from the Union on January 9, 1861. This chart compares the average costs of students at the University of Southern Mississippi (in red) with those at similar universities. It shows that 76.2% of students enrolled at USM were enrolled full time, compared to 76.5% at similar doctoral universities. However, Mississippi is a marked contrast, as 51.2% still live in rural areas - making it fourth largest rural population in the country.
This indicates that despite its urbanization over time, many Mississippians still prefer living in rural areas.